Louis XIV

Louis XIV, known as the Sun King, ruled France for 72 years. This made him the longest reigning sovereign of any European country at the time. He ruled from 1638 to 1718. Early Life and Reign of Louis XIV Born on September 5, 1638, Louis was the son of King Louis XIII and his Habsburg …

Mesdames Tantes

Mesdames Tantes were the formidable daughters of Louis XV. They were not his only daughters - Louis had eight! One got married and moved away, one became a nun and three died of smallpox. The three sisters who remained at the Royal Court of Versailles were Madame Adelaide, Madame Victoire and Madame Sophie; known collectively …

Louis XV

Louis XV was king of France from 1715 to 1774. He was nicknamed 'the Well-Beloved'. Louis was born at Versailles on 15 February 1710. Because he had two older brothers (though only one survived to adulthood) and both his father and grandfather were still alive, nobody ever thought Louis would become king. A scourge of …

Louis XVI

Louis XVI was born Aug. 23, 1754 in Versailles, France. He was the second eldest surviving son of his parents, Louis, Dauphin of France and Marie-Josèphe of Saxony. He was the last king of France before the French Revolution of 1789. He was well loved by his people at first, but was not built to be a great leader. He was known …

The Petit Trianon

When her husband, Louis XVI, became king in 1774, he gave her a gift - the Petit Trianon. This beautiful mini palace on the grounds of Versailles would be her escape from court life - though escaping to it brought troubles of it's own.